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Surveying the low frequency sky with
LOFAR, the Low Frequency Array, is a next-generation radio telescope that is being built in the Netherlands and neighboring countries and will be fully operational at the end of this decade.
It will operate at frequencies from 15 to 240 MHz (corresponding to wavelengths of 20 to 1.2 m). Its superb sensitivity, high angular resolution, large field of view and flexible spectroscopic capabilities will represent a dramatic improvement over previous facilities at these wavelengths.
As such, LOFAR will carry out a broad range of fundamental astrophysical studies and will be an important vehicle for astronomical research. An important goal that has driven the development of LOFAR since its inception is to explore the low-frequency radio sky by means of a series of unique surveys. We are planning to exploit the unprecedented sensitivity and wide instantaneous field of view of LOFAR to conduct large-sky surveys at 15, 30, 60, 120 and 200 MHz.
Four topics are driving the definition of the proposed surveys. These are:
• Formation of massive galaxies, clusters and black holes using z> 6 radio galaxies as probes,
• Intercluster magnetic fields using diffuse radio emission in galaxy clusters as probes,
• Star formation processes in the early Universe using starburst galaxies as probes, and
• Exploration of new parameter space for serendipitous discovery.
Furthermore, the LOFAR surveys will provide a wealth of unique data for a huge number of additional important topics. These include:
• Physics of nearby AGN
• AGN evolution and black hole accretion history
• Nearby normal galaxies
• Lensing studies
• Large-scale cosmological effects and baryonic oscillations
• Galactic radio sources
At the end of 2009 the LOFAR telescope consisted of 20 stations. With this system first observations were carried out.
The workshop at the Lorentz Center focussed on:
With 65 astronomers from 10 countries, the discussions were lively and fruitful. The staff of the Lorentz center were very helpful, which much contributed to the success of the workshop.