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Aggression and Peacemaking in an Evolutionary Context
Dr. Archer is Professor of Psychology at the University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom. He is the author of over 100 articles, in a wide range of journals, in the areas of human aggression, evolutionary psychology, grief and loss, animal aggression and emotionality, testosterone and behavior, and human sex differences. He is the author of several books including The behavioural biology of aggression (1988), The nature of grief (1999), and Sex and gender (2nd edn 2002). He is the former President of the International Society for Research on Aggression (ISRA), and a Fellow of the British Psychological Society. Over the last 15 years he has published a series of articles in journalssuch as American Psychologist, Psychological Bulletin and Behavioral Brain Sciences, on the theme of sex differences in aggression. His analyses emphasise the male nature of most group and individual aggression throughout history to the present day, and across a diverse range of cultures. Within-family violence shows a different pattern and is much more variable between cultures. Professor Archer is also interested in cultural and individual differences in aggression and violence and how these can be understood with an evolutionary framework, and he has published a range of recent articles on these topics.
Filippo Aureli Primatology, Conflict Resolution
Dr. Aureli is Professor of Animal Behavior at Liverpool John Moores University and completed his Ph.D. at the University of Utrecht. Dr. Aureli's central role is that of a primatologist who specializes in conflict resolution. He understands that aggression is tempered with reconciliation and the maintenance of social relationships. Dr. Aureli's research interests include the evolution of social behavior, conflict resolution, and tension reduction. He is co-editor with Frans de Waal of Natural Conflict Resolution (2000).
Heather Brosnan Primatology
Dr. Brosnan is Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at Georgia State University and Director of the Comparative Economics and Behavioral Studies Laboratory. Her research interests lie in the intersection of complex social behavior and cognition. More specifically, she focuses on mechanisms underlying cooperation, reciprocity, inequity, and other economic decisions in nonhuman primates from an evolutionary perspective.
Marina Butovskaya Foragers, Aggression
Dr. Butovskaya is Professor at the Center of Evolutionary Anthropology at the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. Dr. Butovskaya is a human ethologist and evolutionary anthropologist. She has conducted fieldwork among the Hadza foragers of East Africa. Additionally, she has studied conflict resolution among children from a nonviolence culture. She is an active member of the
International Society for Research on Aggression. She will contribute to the workshop in all these topical areas.
Raymond Corbey took degrees in philosophy, cultural anthropology and psychology at Radboud University (Nijmegen, the Netherlands), where he also obtained a PhD in philosophy. He is Associate Professor in the Department of Humanities at Tilburg University (http://www.tilburguniversity.nl/webwijs/show/?uid=r.corbey), and holds a chair at the Department of Archaeology of Leiden University. His research and publications (http://publications.uvt.nl/repository/r.corbey/publications.html) focus on theoretical, conceptual and methodological issues in philosophy and anthropology regarding human evolution, human-animal relations, cultural behaviour and cultural diversity. Agression is a recurrent theme in his book The metaphysics of apes: Negotiating the animal-human boundary (Cambridge University Press, 2005).
Johan van der Dennen Anthropology of Aggression, Evolution
Dr. van der Dennen is a Senior Researcher at the University of Groningen. Dr. van der Dennen is a Co-Organizer of this Workshop. He has longstanding interests in evolutionary perspectives on aggression and peacemaking. Dr. van der Dennen is the author of The Origin of War (1995) and has published extensively on topics such as human and animal aggression, evolutionary perspectives on aggression, theories of war, and the politics of peace in pre-industrial societies.
David H. Dye Anthropology of Complex Societies, Warfare, Religion
Dr. Dye is an Associate Professor of Archaeology in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Memphis. He is interested in eastern North America with emphasis on late prehistoric cultures. Dr. Dye is the author of War Paths, Peace Paths: An Archaeology of Cooperation and Conflict in Native Eastern North America (2009) and is coeditor with Richard Chacon of The Taking and Displaying of Human Body Parts as Trophies by Amerindians (2007). He has published on the evolution of cooperation and conflict, cave archaeology, and Mississippian iconography, religion, and warfare.
Karen Endicott Foragers
Dr. Endicott is a researcher in the Anthropology Department at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. She has conducted fieldwork among Batek foragers of Malaysia, focusing on women and gender roles. She is co-author of The Headman Was a Woman: The Gender Egalitarian Batek of Malaysia (2008).
Kirk Endicott Foragers
Dr. Endicott is Professor of Anthropology at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. He has engaged in extensive field studies of the Batek foragers of Malaysia
and is author of numerous articles and books on the Batek, a nonviolent people. He is currently studying egalitarianism.
R. Brian Ferguson Anthropology of War, Primates, Archaeology
Dr. Ferguson is Professor of Anthropology at Rutgers University in Newark New Jersey. Dr. Ferguson is a renowned leader in the anthropological study of war. Primarily a cultural materialist, his publications dealing with war span the anthropological sub-disciplines of social-cultural anthropology, archaeology, and, currently, primatology. His books include War in the Tribal Zone (1992), Yanomami Warfare: A Political History (1995), and Chimpanzees and War (forthcoming).
Agustin Fuentes Primatology, Evolution, Conflict Resolution
Dr. Fuentes is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana. Dr. Fuentes focuses on the evolution of sociality in human and nonhuman primates, cooperation and conflict resolution. He is author of the paradigm questioning article, “It’s Not All Sex and Violence: Integrating Anthropology and the Role of Cooperation and Social Complexity in Human Evolution.” His books include Evolution of Human Behavior and Primates in Perspective.
Douglas P. Fry Evolution, Conflict Resolution, Aggression
Dr. Fry is Docent and Professor in the Department of Social Sciences at Åbo Akademi University in Vasa, Finland and concurrently Adjunct Research Scientist at the Bureau of Applied Research in Anthropology at the University of Arizona. Dr. Fry is one of the co-organizers of this workshop. His specialties involve aggression and conflict management. He is the author of Beyond War (2007), Human Potential for Peace (2006), and co-editor of Keeping the Peace (2004) and Cultural Variation in Conflict Resolution (1997).
Jonathan Haas Archaeology, War
Dr. Haas is a Curator of Archaeologist at the Field Museum in Chicago. One of Dr. Haas' central interests involves the origins of war and he has written numerous articles on this subject including detailed analyses of the pre-war, warring, and post-war periods in prehistoric Anasazi culture. He also is editor of The Anthropology of War (1990). At the workshop, he will speak to topics regarding the antiquity of war and other archaeological topics.
Romana Hemmers is studying educational science (adult education) at the Philipps-University Marburg/ Germany. Her specializations are mentoring/mediation and peace- & conflict studies. While studying in Vaasa/ Finland within the last year, she got to know further information about peacemaking and peaceful societies, which inspired her to create her ideas of Peace-Utopia.
Robert L. Kelly Archaeology, Foragers
Dr. Kelly is Professor of Archaeology at the University of Wyoming. Dr. Kelly’s research interests include forager societies, behavioral ecology, and analysis of stone tool assemblages. He has conducted fieldwork on Madagascar among the horticultural/forager Mikea people. Dr. Kelly is the author of The Forager Spectrum: Diversity in Hunter-Gatherer Lifeways (1995), and hence he is well suited to contrast nomadic foragers with other types of hunter-gatherers.13
Maaike Kempes Primates, Reconciliation
Dr. Kempes is a researcher at Utrecht University, Netherlands. She is one of the co-organizers of this workshop. She studies reconciliation behavior in human children and nonhuman primates. Recently she has edited a special issue of the journal Behaviour on “Natural Conflict Resolution in Humans.”
Katherine C. MacKinnon Primates, Evolution
Dr. MacKinnon is Associate Professor of Anthropology, and Teaching Fellow in the Center for International Studies, at Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri. Dr. MacKinnon has done fieldwork in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, and Suriname, and her research interests include infant and juvenile primate development, complexity in social behavior, ethics in field primatology, and conservation issues in Central and South America. She has published on primate behavior and ecology, and recently co-edited the volume “Primates in Perspective” (2nd edition, Oxford University
Marta Miklikowska is a PhD student in Developmental Psychology at Åbo Akademi University in Vasa, Finland. Her major scientific interests are: political socialization of adolescents, values, empathy, and democratic family functioning. She teaches within the educational specialization Aggression, Conflict Resolution, and Peacemaking at Åbo Akademi Univeristy in Vasa. Outside of academia she is an enthusiastic lindy-hopper.
Martha Robbins Primatology, Behavioral Ecology
Dr. Robbins is a Research Scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. Dr. Robbins’ main area of interest is in the evolution of sociality. She has conducted field studies of gorillas, focusing on social behavior in relation to ecology. Her role at the workshop will be to provide a comparative primatological perspective, especially among the great apes and humans, regarding aggression and conflict management.14
Robert Sussman Primatology, Evolution, Peace-Aggression
Dr. Sussman is Professor of Anthropology at Washington University in St. Louis. He has conducted extensive fieldwork on primate social behavior and ecology. He has published regularly on nonhuman and human aggression, pro-sociality, cooperation, and altruism. He is co-author of Man the Hunted (2005), winner of the W. W. Howells book award. Dr. Sussman is critical of writings that emphasize aggression as they ignore prosocial behavior, and he will share this view at the workshop.
Robert Tonkinson Foragers
Dr. Tonkinson is an Honorary Research Fellow in Social Anthropology at the University of Western Australia. He has conductive extensive field research among the Mardudjara foragers of Australia’s Great Western Desert, a society that does not engage in warfare or feuding. Dr. Tonkinson’s books include The Jigalong Mob (1974) and The Mardudjara Aborigines: Living the Dream in Austria’s Desert (1978).15
Peter Verbeek Conflict Resolution, Aggression-Peace
Dr. Verbeek is Professor in the Department of Comparative Culture at Miyazaki International College in Miyazaki, Japan. He has used primatological methods to study reconciliation among human children. He is interested in evolutionary and ethological approaches to the study of behavior including aggression and peacemaking and comparative conflict resolution among human and nonhuman primate species Dr. Verbeek has recently written the innovative article “Peace Ethology” (2008, Behaviour).