Brain rhythms form an important and possibly fundamental part of the orchestration of perception, movement and conscious experience. Synchronization and desynchronization of multicellular domains are thought to represent transitions, which are potentially fundamental for proper functioning of the brain. In various neurological disorders, these processes are disturbed, resulting in e.g. epilepsy or movement disorders. The dynamics of both physiological and pathological neuronal interactions are partially reflected in the brain rhythms that can be recorded with intracerebral electrodes or EEG/MEG. Neuroscience based computational models have become increasingly important to understand synchronization of neuronal activity, the rhythmic activity of groups of neurons and their functional role in neuronal communication. This meeting brings together experimentalists, theoreticians and clinical neurophysiologists to share experimental and theoretical results, with special emphasis on applications of the theoretical concepts for Parkinson's disease and epilepsy. We expect that the mutual interactions will contribute to posing the right questions that should be addressed and to share the experimental and theoretical results obtained so far.